Volume 32 Issue 2 - February 7, 2020 PDF
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Articles Digest

Research Express@NCKU Feb. 7 ~ Mar. 5, 2020

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Ab initio Phase Stability and Electronic Conductivity of the Doped-Li4Ti5O12 Anode for Li-Ion Batteries
Shih-Kang Lin

The Li4Ti5O12 (LTO) defect spinel is known for its excellent durability of “10,000” cycle counts and high level of safety as an anode material in lithium-ion batteries, but it shows an intrinsic insulating property and poor electrochemical kinetics. Doping is a direct approach to manipulate the electronic …

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The Development and Application of Space Weather Forecasting System
Chia-Hung Chen

Recently, the self-driving car is getting more and more important. It contains the environment sensing, the safely driving, and the positioning systems. The space-based satellites transmit the radio signals to the ground-based receivers, which can provide the signal propagating and positioning services. When the radio signals pass through …

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An Examination of Age-Related Differences in Attentional Control by Systems Factorial Technology
C.-T Yang

In this paper, we examined the age-related differences in attentional control and decision process. Previous studies have indicated that age-related cognitive declines may result from (1) general cognitive slowing, or (2) failure in distractor inhibition. To falsify the two possibilities, the present study adopted the systems factorial technology (SFT, Townsend & Nozawa, 1995) …

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A Population-Based Study on the Prevalence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Association with Temperature in Taiwan
Chung-Yi Li

Ambient temperature may pose influence on glucose metabolism. Recent studies have found the association between prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and daily temperature. However, all the studies were conducted in the temperate or frigid zones, and little information is available from areas (including South Eastern Asia and Middle East) where both temperature and GDM prevalence …

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108 MOST Young Scholars Grant (Einstein Program):Potentials for Gut Microbiota Therapies in Alzheimer’s Disease
Wei-Hsuan Hsu

Ageing is a world trend. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common degenerative brain disease. Burden of AD has far-reaching effects on families and society. Currently there is neither a cure nor a treatment that addresses the underlying cause of AD. Gut microbes are associated with human health, gut microbiota affect brain function through brain-gut axis. …

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Dark Fermentative Hydrogen Production Using Macroalgae (Ulva sp.) as the Renewable Feedstock
Jo-Shu Chang

Macroalgae are alternative and sustainable feedstock for biohydrogen production because of their high levels of carbohydrates and low levels of lignin. Macroalgae can be cultivated in non-arable seawater with minimal nutritional requirements, and hence they can overcome issues regarding to land use changes …

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The Rise and Prospect of Ultra High Performance Concrete
Chung-Chan Hung

Ultra high performance concrete (UHPC) is a new construction material that has attracted worldwide attention. Its compressive strength can reach 5-10 times that of traditional concrete, and its tensile strength can reach 100 kgf /cm2 or more. Its ultimate tensile strain can reach more than 6%, more than a hundred times that of ordinary concrete. It also has excellent crack suppression …

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Research on Rare and Intractable Skin Diseases
Chao-Kai Hsu

1. The pathogenesis of keloid: Keloid can be itchy or painful and can cause dramatic impacts on patients’ daily life not only cosmetically. With Pro. Ming-Jer Tang’s guidance, we investigate the pathogenesis of keloid in the aspect of biomechanics. Besides, we cooperate with Pro. John McGrath from King’s College London to build up the genetic database of keloid through next generation sequencing. …

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Control of Multiferroic Orderings by Breaking the Spatial Symmetry
Yi-Chun Chen

Multiferroic materials possess both magnetic and electrical long-range orderings, and the ordered states depend on the history of external fields applied, so they are motivated for the application of nonvolatile multi-bit memory. Moreover, the magnetoeletric couplings inside the materials make it possible to control the magnetism with an electric field, or vice versa, which also provides …

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